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While the world climate conference was being held in Paris, experts at a parallel event discussed concepts for sustainable cities
Today, more than half of the world’s population lives in urban areas, and the number is expected to keep rising. In the context of climate change, urban centers play an important role. According to experts, more than 70 percent of global energy-related CO2 emissions are generated in major cities. On December 5, representatives of business, academia, and trade associations took part in a panel discussion to discuss the related opportunities and risks. The event was held at the International Chamber of Commerce in Paris, in parallel to the world climate conference.
Michael Kloth, International Transport Forum, in conversation
with Bernhard Schwager from Bosch
Three speakers, among them Bosch’s Bernhard Schwager, talked about the future of cities. They addressed innovative mobility concepts and smart infrastructure, which are making a decisive contribution to enhancing quality of life in a sustainable manner, especially for urban populations. The examples discussed included Shanghai: a growing number of people are opting for e-bikes in the city, which is often plagued with extreme levels of smog. In the long-term, the low-emissions drive system is expected to see a breakthrough in the automotive sector as well. Until then, however, four of every five vehicles on the world’s roads will have an internal combustion engine. This is why Bosch invests not only in developing e-mobility solutions, but also in continuously improving the efficiency of diesel and gasoline engines with the aim of further reducing CO2 emissions. The company spends around ten percent of its sales on research and development each year.
The growing connectivity of many spheres of life can also be used to reduce the carbon footprint of city dwellers. MEMs sensors are at the core of smart technology. These tiny high-tech helpers can measure the flow of traffic, air quality, or the ambient temperature, for instance. In turn, this data makes it possible to manage public transit or ventilate buildings more efficiently.
As global leader for MEMS sensors, Bosch continues to push the smart networking of cities forward. The Monaco 3.0 project is one example of the company’s activities in this area. Together with its partners, Bosch is testing concepts in the city that connect urban infrastructure and public services to one another virtually. Monaco’s inhabitants thus receive real-time information about the current parking situation, or on traffic issues arising from road works. This and other pilot projects have shown that urban regions in particular can become pioneers in the responsible use of scarce resources.
“The future of megacities” Bosch special can be found here: Bosch Special
More information about the International Chamber of Commerce’s position on the global climate conference in Paris can be found here: ICC
Bosch eXchange shows that a commitment to protecting the environment makes good business sense
Raw materials required for industrial processes are increasingly scarce. For this reason, Bosch makes an active effort to reduce the use of these materials at several of its divisions. Moreover, once materials have been used, the company makes sure they are recycled. The eXchange remanufacturing program is one example of how Bosch does this: used vehicle parts are professionally remanufactured and then used for repairs. As a result, the company not only conserves raw materials and energy. It also saves material costs, and can pass on the resulting price advantage to its customers.
Remanufacturing starters and alternators calls for diligent examination. In a thorough cleaning process, Bosch associates first remove oils, fats, rust, and traces of paint in order to assess whether the parts can be reused. Defective parts are then exchanged. Moreover, improvements from new vehicle equipment are integrated in the remanufacturing process.
In a final step, starters and alternators are tested to ensure top performance. Only parts that pass the size and functionality test can become part of a Bosch eXchange product. This guarantees that remanufactured parts meet the same high quality standards as new parts.
With the eXchange remanufacturing program, Bosch can reduce its use of raw materials by up to 90 percent, and halve energy consumption in production. What is more, remanufacturing results in less than half the CO2. emissions of manufacturing new products. Thanks to eXchange, the company saves about 25,000 tons of CO2 each year. To break down this quantity of emissions, 1,923 hectares of forest would be required.
More information about eXchange can be found here.
A connected energy supply reduces resource consumption in production
If needed, a large facility’s energy supply can be controlled remotely, from as away as 5,000 kilometers. With live demonstrations, Bosch recently showed how this works at ISH Energy, a leading trade fair in Frankfurt. More precisely, Bosch experts at the trade fair controlled a test facility in Kazakhstan with the newly developed Master Energy Control (MEC) system. The technology allows the operators of complex industrial facilities to turn different sources of power and heat into intelligent energy systems. In so doing, individual components such as steam boilers, cogeneration units, or heat accumulators can be coordinated in the best possible manner. This makes the energy supply more efficient, and leads to lower energy costs and CO2 emissions.
The intelligent control of large facilities is one of many ways in which the future will be connected. “Connectivity is an all-encompassing trend that will affect all areas of life. Especially for the strong German economy, connectivity offers major business opportunities,” said Dr. Volkmar Denner, chairman of the Bosch board of management, in discussing new trends in production referred to as Industry 4.0. The global provider of technology and services is helping push this development forward in three ways. First, Bosch sensors are enabling the internet of things and services, in which products collect data and contribute to a virtual copy of the real world. Second, Bosch is involved in the development of secure software platforms that connect these things to the internet and to each other, and which evaluate data and make new services possible. Third, the company is making online applications and services available that offer customers value added.
The new MEC system also offers these advantages: it makes energy flows visible and thus allows facility operators to assess power and heat consumption as well as load peaks. All of this is needed to further optimize the targeted use of primary energy in industrial processes.
More information on sector-specific energy concepts can be found here
At E-World 2015, Bosch presented several solutions that promote greater energy efficiency
Around the world, up to 50 percent of the power generated largely with fossil fuels is lost as waste heat. Increasing energy efficiency is thus not only a question of enormous cost savings; it is also an opportunity to significantly reduce global CO2 emissions and conserve resources.
Organic Ranking Cycle (ORC) systems make it possible to use waste heat in a productive manner. ORC is a thermodynamic process that generates power with the help of a refrigerant, even at low temperatures. The systems can be used in any situation where large quantities of waste heat are generated, for instance in industrial processes that use hot water or steam. With its ten years of experience in the development of ORC applications, Bosch is among the pioneers in the area of waste heat recovery.
In addition to modern technology, Bosch also offers its industrial customers a range of services to increase energy efficiency. These services focus mainly on determining the areas of production that consume particularly high levels of energy, and where energy efficiency technology should be best applied. They include the Bosch Energy and Building Solutions (BEBS) energy platform. The company makes data and support tools available in real time. These allow customers to keep a constant eye on their energy consumption and costs. BEBS experts identify savings potential and optimize the energy needs of commercial buildings. To this end, they examine space and process heat, cooling, air conditioning, compressed air, and lighting. In so doing, they achieve average energy savings of 20 percent.
More information on ORC systems can be found here
More information on the Bosch Energy and Building Solutions energy platform can be found here
Reducing CO2 at Bosch locations with more environmental awareness
At home, most people know to turn off the lights or devices they aren’t using, and to regulate the heat as needed. However, most of us do not feel responsible for energy efficiency at work. Part of this is of the result of associates not knowing what they are allowed to turn off in offices, on the shop floor, or in laboratories – and where switching off equipment and devices could possibly result in damages or lost data. For this reason, Bosch has introduced new guidelines at many of its locations: green stickers now indicate that a piece of equipment can be switched off when the production process is completed. This gives associates a sense of security and helps save energy in a lasting manner. Thanks to this initiative, the Homburg location has been able to significantly reduce its energy costs per year.
These measures are part of a comprehensive approach that aims to make Bosch’s 242 locations around the world more energy efficient. This is in line with the overall target the company has set itself: by 2020, Bosch aims to reduce its CO2 emissions relative to value added by 20 percent over 2007 levels. The company has already achieved a relative reduction of 16 percent.
Providing associates energy awareness training is an important part of energy management. Another is carrying out pilot projects – such as the initiative to switch off equipment whenever it is not needed – and then rolling them out at Bosch locations around the world: Today, more than 80 percent of locations meet the ISO 14001 environmental standard.
More information on Bosch’s commitment to protecting the environment can be found here